John Maughan 1800 - 1881

John Maughan 1735

John Maughan born c. 1800. Commissioner of the Department of the Army. Sailed from Edinburgh (Cumbria) Scotland in 1827 and initially stationed in Montreal, then Toronto. Died in 1881 at the age of 81. Married Euphemia Janet Stein 09-Dec-1822 at St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh, Scotland.

  • Janet Stein Maughan christened 15-Mar-1824 at St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • Robert Maughan christened 15-Oct-1825 at St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • Euphemia Russell Stein Maughan
  • John Maughan
  • Unknown
  • Land Records

    The 1837 Toronto and Home District Directory indicates John Maughan owned land in Lot 12, Concession 7 in the Township of Markham. A search of the land registry records for this geographic will hopefully provide extra information.

    John Maughan's last will and testament was executed on 08-May-1879 and subsequently registered as instrument number GC14427 on 25-May-1882 in the Toronto Land Registry Office. John bequeaths all of his estate to his daughters Janet Stein Maughan and Euphemia Russell Stein Maughan. The Russell connection would link back to Euphemia's great-grandmother Euphan Russel. John's wife Euphemia Maughan's last will and testament was registered as instrument number GC18894 on 26-July-1902 in the Toronto Land Registry Office.

    Another resource that has proved useful is the indexing project done by McGill University to archive the information contained on Ontario County Atlases. These atlases, which are pictorial representations of land ownership, provide similar information as an official census would. John Maughan (1800) does not appear on the township of Markham atlas dated 1878; the owners at that time were James Robinson and William Stotts.

    A search of the County Atlas database returned 3 Maughan's - one of particular interest due to his proximity to the Markham reference above being the 1878 atlas of Whitchurch Township in the County of York (now in the Regional Municipality of York), which neighbours Markham Township to the north and shows a William Maughan (brother / son of John?) as the owner of all 100 acres of Lot 16 Concession 7. This presents another avenue to follow up on. The second is a W. Maughan who appears on the 1897 atlas of Hibbert township in the county of Perth as the owner of Lot 25 Concession 4. The third is a Joseph Maughan (from England) who was a sheriff in Grey county for many years. He appears as an owner in the Town of Owen Sound (settled in 1854) in the township of Derby on the atlas of that area dated 1880.

    Toronto and Home District Directory

    The 1837 Toronto and Home District Directory has been referred to as the 1837 census of Toronto. The 'Home District' refers to the areas covered by the original counties of York, most of Simcoe, Peel and Ontario (now Durham). The information available there indicates that John Maughan owned land in Lot 12, Concession 7 in the township of Markham. This information validates the reference in "A History of Ontario" to the birthplace of John Maughan (son of the above) as the town of Markham in 1835, as well as fitting in with John Maughan's departure from Edinburgh in 1827. The unfortunate thing about that reference is that it does not go into further detail regarding other offspring of John and Euphemia Maughan (nee Stein).

    The Markham Trial

    Whilst living in Markham, John Maughan was a witness in the trial of a number of men accused of various unsavoury deeds. The transcript of the trial was forwarded to me by Cameron Knight, the local history librarian at the Richmond Hill Library.

    Scottish Land Records

    A search of the Old Scottish Parish Records online database revealed that John Maughan married Euphemia Stein 9-Dec-1822 at St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh, Scotland. There is a slight disconnect here with "A History of Ontario" as it cites John's wife as Janet. However the Scottish records also show that Janet Stein Maughan, daughter of John and Euphemia Maughan, was christened at St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh 15-Mar-1824. This would make Janet a sister to John Maughan (my great-great grandfather).

    There is another sibling recorded in Scottish records - Robert Maughan, son of John and Euphemia Maughan, who was also christened at St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh 15-Oct-1825. From that point forward in the Scottish record there is no further mention of these Maughans. This correlates very well with their departure for Canada in 1827. There are no records of either Euphemia or John's births, however the suspicion is that they were transferred with the army to Edinburgh, as was the case during the period of their arrival in Canada, and may have been born in England.

    1871 Ontario Census

    The 1871 Ontario census lists a John Maughan Sr. living in St. George's Ward, Toronto West with his origin as Scottish and age as 65. This would mean he would have been born circa 1806, a 6 year difference with the reference in "A History of Ontario", where he is said to have died in 1881 at the age of 81.

    A Cyclopaedia of Canadian Biography

    A reference in the "A Cyclopaedia of Canadian Biography" (Volume 1) by George Maclean Rose on page 55 states:
    John Maughan, of the Commissariat Department of Her Majesty's service, and Euphemia Stein, his wife, who was born in Dublin, and educated in Edinburgh, [both of] of Blackhall, Clackmananshire, Scotland.